Pug Origins Revealed – A Short History Of The Pug Breed

pug in the nature

Hey, everyone. If you have one of these dogs then here are some pug origins that may surprise you.

With those almost impossibly large bright eyes and a button for a nose, the pug’s mug seems to simultaneously express that it has the weight of the world on its shoulders and a desperate need for love.

Beginnings With The Tang Dynasty

The breed is one of the oldest canine breeds around today. Pug origins reach right back to the 7th Century BC.

Tibetan monasteries and members of the Chinese imperial household were the only ones allowed to own these small-nosed dogs known in China as Lo-Chiang-Sze. The dogs always stayed at their master’s side and were often noted by foreign dignitaries on state visits.

Female pugs were held in high esteem with the same rank as wives of the emperor.

The Emperor Ling To (168-190 A.D.) had his pugs guarded by soldiers at the palace and fed with the best food.

Introduction To Holland, Spain, Germany, And France

During the 16th and 17th centuries, Pugs became highly popular and arrived in Europe on ships of the Dutch East India Company.

In 1572, a pug named Pompey warned the Prince of Orange of the approach of the Spaniards thereby saving his life. As a result, the Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange. When Prince William ascended to the throne, his pugs attended the ceremony adorned with orange ribbons.

A Pug Called Fortune

Napoleon Bonaparte’s wife, Josephine, had a Pug named “Fortune”.

On their wedding night, Josephine refused to sleep in their bed unless her Pug could sleep with them. When Josephine was in prison she used to send secret messages to Napoleon hidden under Fortunes collar.

Pug Origins – The Name

As the pugs arrived in other parts of the world, their name also changed. In Holland, they were known as “Mopshond” meaning “ to grumble.” Pugs were known as “Doguillo” in Spain, while in Germany they are “mops.” The French call them “ Carlin.”

The name “Pug” became popular after some people noticed a similarity between the pug’s facial expressions and those of a marmoset monkey named Pug, a popular pet in the 1700s.

Pugs Come To England

In 1860 British soldiers overran the Imperial Palace in Peking and brought a number of Pugs to England. Queen Victoria loved her Pugs Minka, Venus, Fatima, Olga, and Pedro. She passed on her passion to other members of the Royal families.

Her active involvement in the breeding of Pugs helped with the establishment of the Kennel Club in 1873.

History Of The Pug Breed In The US

Pugs showed up in the US during the 19th century and soon became happy members in American homes participating in shows and competitions. In 1885 the AKC recognized the pug as a breed.

The Pug has experienced both highs and lows in popularity in the United States. By 1920 only five dogs were registered. The Pug Dog Club of America became established in 1931. In the 1950 s there was a new surge of popularity.

By 1998, over 20,000 Pugs were registered.Today they are the 12th most popular breed out of 154 dog breeds registered by the American Kennel Club.

The Pug Today

After that short history of the pug breed here’s the situation today. The Pug is the largest of the Toy Dog Group.

They will generally live about 12-15 years.

The Ears

These dogs have two distinct shapes for their ears, “rose” and “button”. “Rose” ears are smaller than the standard style of “button” ears

Short, blunt with a lot of symmetrical wrinkles.In addition to being super soft and adorable, pug ears are a defining feature of the breed. Most pugs have button ears with a fold going across the center and the tip coming down to the corner of the pug’s eye. It is rare to see a pug with rose ears.

The Tail

A pug’s tail has a high tightly curled loop and in some cases a double loop.

The hair is short, thick, soft and shiny. Pugs legs are very strong, straight, and of moderate length.Their shoulders are moderately laid back.

Ankles are strong, their feet are small and their toes are well split up.The nails are black. The lower teeth normally protrude further than their upper, resulting in an under-bite.

Intelligent Little Clowns

These loving, intelligent, little clowns are extremely popular. Strong-willed but rarely aggressive they are one of the most suitable dogs for families with kids.

The role of show-off or clown comes naturally to the Pug dog breed.

Often called shadows they enjoy being close to the action. The pug’s multi-faceted nature ultimately translates to a dog with plenty of winning charm and great dignity.

“The pug is living proof that God has a sense of humor.”

Margot Kaufman

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